A car or automobile is a wheeled vehicle that is used to carry or transport passengers, merchandise, valuables, etc. Cars are primarily designed to drive on roads, they have seats that vary but all have a driver’s seat, which is one of the constant factors in all vehicles. It also has four wheels. Automobile was derived from the Greek word by combining ‘auto’ meaning oneself and mobilis meaning a self-moving vehicle. The substitute that is ‘Car’ originated from the Latin word ‘carrus’ or ‘carrum’ meaning wheeled vehicle.
I know what must be going through your mind is who started this invention, cars have so many inventors. Although Nicolas Joseph Cugnot is often credited with building the first self-driving car around 1979, some had some doubts. Notable early inventors included Ferdinand Verbiest, who built the first steam-powered vehicle around 1672, Richard Trevithick in 1801. Francois Isaac de Rivaz, a Swiss inventor, designed the first internal combustion engine in 1806, which ran on a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen and used it to develop the world’s first vehicle. All this and more was his contribution to the automotive world, but Karl Benz is generally recognized as the father of the modern automobile.
An automobile powered by his own four-stroke gasoline engine was built in Mannheim, Germany by Karl Benz in 1885 and granted a patent in January of the following year under the auspices of his parent company, Benz & Cie, which was founded in 1883. It was an integral design, without the adaptation of other existing components and including several new technological elements to create a new concept. This is what made it worthy of a patent. He was then on his way to success in the automobile industry. It started selling its production vehicles in 1888. In 1879 Benz created its first engine and obtained a patent for it and its first Motorwagon was built in 1885. During the last years of the 19th century, Benz was the largest automobile company. Then came DMG, a Daimler Motor company in Cannstatt founded by Daimler and Maybach in 1890 and under the brand name DMG sold its first car in 1892.
Right now, the car’s tentacles are spreading rapidly. So, in 1890, Emile Levassor and Armand Peugeot from France began to produce vehicles with Daimler engines and thus laid the foundation of the automobile industry in France. The first design for an American automobile with a gasoline internal combustion engine was drawn up in 1877 by George Selden of Rochester, who applied for a patent for an automobile in 1879, but the patent application expired because the vehicle was never built and it was shown that it worked. it was a requirement for a patent. Although he was later granted the patent after a sixteen-year delay for a two-stroke automobile engine on November 5, 1895, which was later contested by Henry Ford and others, and voided in 1911. Production in Britain also came from the Daimler Motor Company.
Now came the issue of production. Large-scale production of affordable cars began with the old Ransoms, but was greatly expanded by Henry Ford. As a result, Ford’s cars rolled off the line at fifteen-minute intervals, much faster than previous methods. It was so successful that it dominated and spread throughout the world seeing the founding of Ford in other countries.
Since the 1920s, almost all automobiles have been mass-produced to meet market needs, so marketing plans have often heavily influenced automobile design. The fuel and propulsion technologies of most automobiles in use today run on gasoline (also known as gasoline) or diesel for internal combustion engines, which are known to cause air pollution and are also blamed for contributing to climate change. climate change. The main benefit of diesel engines is 50% fuel efficiency compared to 27% for the best gasoline engines. A disadvantage of diesel is the presence in the exhaust gases. Gasoline engines have the advantage over diesels of being lighter and capable of running at higher rotational speeds and are the usual choice for high performance sports cars. The continuous development of gasoline engines for over a hundred years has produced improvements in efficiency and reduced pollution.
Due to pollution and climate change caused by gasoline and diesel, efforts have been made to improve or replace existing technologies, resulting in the development of hybrid, electric, and hydrogen vehicles that do not release pollution into the air.
Other propulsion technologies used were steam power, usually an oil or gas heated boiler, but this had the disadvantage of not being able to power the car until boiler pressure was available, which is of low thermal efficiency and has the advantage of producing low emissions. Some cars now run on electric power, like the 2007 Tesla electric roadster. One of the latest developments in the automotive world is the use of air as a fuel or propulsion technology. A car will be propelled by compressed air. The car can be propelled solely by air, or by air combined with gasoline/diesel/ethanol or power plant. Several prototypes are already available and scheduled for sale around the world by the end of 2008. Companies launching this type of car include Tata Motors and Motor Development International. With the onslaught of technology ahead and the need to assess any fuel or propulsion issues, cars could one day run on water.
The cost and benefits of use cannot be emphasized enough, which may include the cost of acquiring the vehicle, maintenance, fuel, taxes, insurance, etc., weighed against the cost of alternatives and the profit value. Do you think all this cost really weighed on the use of the car? The ability of humans to move flexibly from one place to another has far-reaching implications for the nature of societies. Similarly, its effect on society, which may include road maintenance, pollution, public health, health care, can be compared to the value of the benefits to society that car use generates. Social benefits may include: economic benefits, such as job and wealth creation from automobile production and maintenance, provision of transportation, societal well-being from leisure and travel opportunities, and income generation through from tax opportunities.
As you can see, the automobile industry is one of the best things that has happened in this world and thanks to some of our inventors. Now we have so many car manufacturers like Honda, Toyota, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Lincoln, Infinity to name a few. We now have a wide variety of options to choose from because we now have so many models, so many styles and shapes to choose from.